Wildlife Watercolours

This page features watercolours of China’s wildlife (mostly from Beijing) and will be updated as and when new paintings are completed.  

A Tiger Keelback (Rhabdophis tigrinus 虎斑颈槽蛇 Hǔbān jǐng cáo shé). This is the snake I see most frequently in Beijing, often along the Wenyu River. One of the few snakes that is both poisonous and venomous (it has two rows of glands in its neck that provide protection from predators by releasing steroidal toxins that are sequestered from ingested poisonous toads and its bite is venomous). 25 May 2022.

 

This is Libellula angelina or “Bekko Tombo” as it’s known, a critically endangered dragonfly species.  It has an early flight season – April and early May – and is known from just a handful of closely guarded sites in Beijing.  In early May 2022 I was lucky to find two males at a new site just a few minutes walk from my apartment. 

 

CHINESE NUTHATCH (Sitta villosa 黑头䴓 Hēitóu shī). The most common nuthatch in the capital.  The best place to see it is in Botanical Gardens. 16 May 2022.

 

A spring male YELLOW-BREASTED BUNTING (Emberiza aureola 黄胸鹀 Huáng xiōng wú). This critically endangered species has suffered a calamitous decline in the last few decades but remains a regular, if scarce, passage migrant in Beijing. May is the best month to see them in full breeding plumage on their way to breeding grounds in N China, Mongolia and Russia.

 

Migrating ORIENTAL HONEY BUZZARDS (Pernis ptilorhynchus 凤头蜂鹰 Fèng tóu fēng yīng) over the Jade Peak pagoda from Baiwangshan. Over 400 counted  from this spot on 4 May 2022.

 

WALLCREEPER Tichodroma muraria 红翅旋壁雀 Hóng chì xuán bì què.  A rare and local winter visitor to Beijing, primarily to the mountainous districts of Fangshan and Mentougou.  This one backlit against the sky as it flitted from one rock face to another. 3 May 2022.

 

SIBERIAN BLUE ROBIN Luscinia cyane 蓝歌鸲 Lán gē qú.  A local breeder in the mountains and a passage migrant in lowland Beijing (April to September). 2 May 2022.

 

AMUR FALCON Falco amurensis 红脚隼 Hóng jiǎo sǔn.  A common passage migrant in spring (peaking second half of April and early May) and autumn (peaking in the second half of September), and local breeder. This one from 1 May 2022.

 

PIED HARRIER Circus melanoleucos 鹊鹞 Què yào.  A passage migrant in Spring (mid-April to May) and autumn (late August to early October).  This male passed the raptor watchpoint of Baiwangshan on 1 May 2022.

 

COMMON POCHARD Aythya ferina 红头潜鸭 Hóng tóu qián yā.  A common passage migrant in spring, peaking in late March and early April, and autumn, peaking in second half of October. Uncommon winter visitor. Records from all months but rare in summer.  30 April 2022.

 

BLACK-WINGED KITE Elanus caeruleus 黑翅鸢 Hēi chì yuān.  Formerly rare, now scarce and increasing passage migrant and rare breeder. Most records in spring (late March to May) and autumn (late August to mid-November).  A pair has recently taken up residence along the Wenyu River, with one or both regularly encountered. 25 April 2022.

 

SHORT-EARED OWL (Asio flammeus  短耳鸮 Duǎn ěr xiāo). A scarce winter visitor and passage migrant in Beijing (October to April). This one stopped off at the Wenyu River last week on its way north. 25 April 2022.

 

CHINESE GREY SHRIKE (Lanius s. sphenocercus 楔尾伯劳 Xiē wěi bóláo).  A fairly common passage migrant and winter visitor and a scarce breeder.  This one was along the Wenyu River last week. 24 April 2022.

 

Displaying WHITE-NAPED CRANES (Grus vipio 白枕鹤 Bái zhěn hè). In my opinion, the most beautiful of all the eight species of crane found in China (15 in the world). A passage migrant in Beijing as it commutes between breeding grounds in N China, Mongolia and Russia, and wintering grounds, mostly around Poyang Lake in Jiangxi Province. 23 April 2022.

 

A singing ARCTIC WARBLER (Phylloscopus borealis 极北柳莺 Jí běi liǔ yīng). These birds pass through Beijing in late April and May, and again from late August to September, on their way to and from breeding grounds in the far north of Siberia. In spring, especially on warm, sunny mornings, many sing as they pass across the city. 21 April 2022.

 

LITTLE GULL Hydrocoloeus minutus 小鸥 Xiǎo ōu (adult and first-summer).  A rare passage migrant, with only around ten records to the end of 2019. Most records in autumn (late August to early November) and only two in spring (late March to mid-May). Most relate to first-winter birds but very rarely adults are seen.

 

EASTERN MARSH HARRIER Circus spilonotus 白腹鹞 Bái fù yào.  A summer breeder in Beijing from late March to October.  This male was at one of the species’ traditional breeding grounds in the capital, Yeyahu Wetland Reserve.

 

KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus 环颈鸻 Huán jǐng héng.  A passage migrant in Beijing.  This one was at Ma Chang, a reliable stopover site, on 15 April 2022.

 

COMMON GOLDENEYE Bucephala clangula 鹊鸭 Què yā.  A common passage migrant and winter visitor (October to May) in Beijing.

 

A ‘moody’ GREAT EGRET Ardea modesta 大白鹭 Dà bái lù.  A common summer breeder and passage migrant. Uncommon but increasing in winter.

 

Last week I found this second calendar-year BLACK-LEGGED KITTIWAKE (Rissa tridactyla 三趾鸥 Sān zhǐ ōu) in Yanqing. It’s a rare vagrant to Beijing with around 15 records in total, most of which have occurred in late autumn. As far as I am aware, this is only the third spring record.

 

BLACK-WINGED STILT Himantopus himantopus 黑翅长脚鹬 Hēi chì cháng jiǎo yù.  A common passage migrant and breeder (from late March to October) with most records in Spring (late March to May).  On arrival in Beijing, these birds waste no time and pairs can be seen in courtship at suitable wetland sites.

 

GREAT BUSTARD Otis tarda 大鸨 Dà bǎo.  A scarce passage migrant in spring (March-April) and autumn (October-November) and rare, but annual, winter visitor.

 

EASTERN BUZZARDS Buteo japonicus 普通鵟 Pǔ tōng kuáng  ‘kettling’ over Beijing city centre.  Spring passage of Eastern Buzzards peaks in late March and early April and, when conditions are right, it’s not unusual to see small groups circling on thermals over the city centre.  This painting inspired by seeing a group over the city yesterday late afternoon (4 April 2022).

 

A male HEN HARRIER Circus cyaneus 白尾鹞 Bái wěi yào.  A winter visitor and passage migrant in Beijing.  As one would expect, ‘ringtails’ (adult females or immatures) outnumber adult males, so any encounter with the ‘skydancer’ is memorable. 3 April 2022.

 

Begging juvenile BARN SWALLOWS Hirundo rustica 家燕 Jiāyàn.  Seeing the first swallow of the year is always a highlight.  This year I saw my first in Beijing on the unusually early date of 3 January but it’s not until mid- to late March that they arrive in any numbers and, before we know it, the next generation will be on the wing. 30 March 2022.

 

MUTE SWAN Cygnus olor 疣鼻天鹅 Yóu bí tiān’é.  On Sunday afternoon, during a walk by the ChaoBai River, I found a Mute Swan.  A familiar bird back home in the UK but something of a rarity in Beijing.  What better inspiration for the first painting of the week.  28 March 2022.

 

COMMON COOT Fulica atra 骨顶鸡 Gǔ dǐng jī.  A common breeder, passage migrant and, to a lesser extent, winter visitor to Beijing.  A group of 60+ arrived on my local lake a few weeks ago and, yesterday, the number has built to 96.  Hopefully some will stay to breed but I suspect most will continue to north to breed in N China, Mongolia or Russia. 26 March 2022.

 

LITTLE RINGED PLOVER Charadrius dubius 金眶鸻 Jīn kuàng héng.  A passage migrant and summer breeder in Beijing.  A pair has just arrived on a patch of open ground close to my apartment in Shunyi, having probably spent the winter in SE Asia.  Normally I would hope they stay to breed, but the patch of ground has an uncertain future and so, for their sake, I hope they move on to a more suitable site! 24 March 2022.

 

WHITE-NAPED CRANE Grus vipio 白枕鹤 Bái zhěn hè arriving at Yeyahu Wetland Reserve in Beijing.  My favourite crane species passes through Beijing from late February to April and again in October and November.  Stopover sites between the wintering grounds at Poyang Lake in Jiangxi Province and breeding grounds in Inner Mongolia and Mongolia are vital.

 

TUNDRA BEAN GEESE Anser serrirostris 短嘴豆雁 Duǎn zuǐ dòu yàn heading north, March 2022.  Inspired by recording their calls at night last week.

 

PALLAS’S REED BUNTING (Emberiza pallasi 苇鹀 Wěi wú). A common passage migrant and winter visitor to Beijing (much more common than Common Reed Bunting).  By late March some males are in breeding plumage.

 

EURASIAN CURLEW Numenius arquata 白腰杓鹬 Bái yāo biāo yù.  A scarce passage migrant in Beijing. One was at the marsh opposite LuomaHu on 20 March 2022.

 

Displaying GREAT CRESTED GREBE Podiceps cristatus 凤头䴙䴘 Fèng tóu pì tī, inspired by a courting pair watched at Yuanmingyuan (Old Summer Palace) on 19 March 2022.

 

NORTHERN LAPWING Vanellus vanellus 凤头麦鸡 Fèng tóu mài jī.  A relatively early migrant in Beijing, from mid-March.

 

‘EASTERN’ ROOK Corvus frugilegus pastinator 秃鼻乌鸦 Tū bí wūyā.  This group stopped off in Shunyi, not far from my apartment, on their way north to N China, Mongolia or Russia, 17 March 2022.

 

Snow Leopard  Panthera uncia  雪豹  Xuě bào

 

Siberian Roe Deer  Capreolus pygargus  西伯利亚狍  Xī bó lì yǎ páo

 

TOLAI HARE  Lepus tolai 托氏兔 Tuō shì tù on the move.

 

YELLOW-RUMPED FLYCATCHER Ficedula zanthopygia 白眉姬鹟 Báiméi jī wēng

 

COMMON ‘BEIJING’ SWIFT Apus apus pekinensis 普通楼燕 Pǔtōng lóu yàn over the Temple of Heaven

 

PALLAS’S GULL Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus 渔鸥 Yú ōu

 

JANKOWSKI’S BUNTING Emberiza jankowskii 栗斑腹鹀 Lì bān fù wú

 

ASIAN BADGER Meles leucurus  狗獾   Gǒu huān

 

Bumble Bee 蜂 fēng

 

CHINESE THRUSH Turdus mupinensis 宝兴歌鸫 Bǎo xìng gē dōng

 

GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER Dendrocopos major 大斑啄木鸟 Dà bān zhuómùniǎo

 

PEREGRINE FALCON Falco peregrinus 游隼 Yóu sǔn

 

CHINESE BLACKBIRD Turdus mandarinus 乌鸫 Wū dōng

 

BROWN-CHEEKED RAIL Rallus indicus 普通秧鸡 Pǔ tōng yāng jī

 

MANDARIN DUCK Aix galericulata 鸳鸯 Yuānyāng

 

BLACK-THROATED THRUSH Turdus atrogularis 黑颈鸫 Hēi jǐng dōng

 

GREATER SAND PLOVER Charadrius leschenaultii 铁嘴沙鸻 Tiě zuǐ shā héng

 

LAPLAND LONGSPUR Calcarius lapponicus 铁爪鹀 Tiě zhǎo wú

 

PALLAS’S LEAF WARBLER Phylloscopus proregulus 黄腰柳莺 Huáng yāo liǔ yīng

 

ORIENTAL PLOVER Charadrius veredus 东方鸻 Dōng fāng héng

 

RELICT GULL Ichthyaetus relictus  遗鸥  Yí ōu

 

EURASIAN HOOPOE Upupa epops 戴胜 Dài shèng

 

ORIENTAL MAGPIE Pica serica 喜鹊 Xǐquè

 

COMMON KINGFISHER Alcedo atthis 普通翠鸟 Pǔtōng cuì niǎo

 

GREAT BITTERN Botaurus stellaris 大麻鳽 Dà má jiān

 

COMMON CUCKOO Cuculus canorus 大杜鹃 Dà dù juān

 

GREEN-BACKED FLYCATCHER Ficedula elisae 绿背姬鹟 Lǜ bèi jī wēng

 

LONG-EARED OWL Asio otus 长耳鸮 Cháng ěr xiāo

 

LITTLE OWL Athene noctua 纵纹腹小鸮 Zòng wén fù xiǎo xiāo

 

NORTHERN HOUSE MARTIN Delichon urbicum 白腹毛脚燕 Bái fù máo jiǎo yàn

 

NORTHERN WHEATEAR Oenanthe oenanthe 穗䳭 Suì jí