Leopard Cat in Beijing 北京豹猫

Header image: an infrared camera image of a Leopard Cat patrolling Haituoshan against the backdrop of the downhill ski slope for the 2022 Winter Olympics.  Image courtesy of Peking University/China Felid Conservation Alliance (CFCA). 

There are few major capital cities in the world that can boast a population of wild cats.  Perhaps surprisingly to many, Beijing is one.  This page is dedicated to Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis, 豹猫, Bàomāo) in Beijing.  It includes key facts, a timeline of key events and updates relating to ongoing research led by Professor Luo Shu-Jin of Peking University.  All information here is presented in good faith.  If you spot any errors or inaccuracies, or would like to contribute images to the gallery, please contact Birding Beijing using the contact form at the end of this page.  Thank you.

Key Facts

Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis, 豹猫, Bàomāo) is a small wild cat widely distributed across South, East and South East Asia.  Subspecies differ widely in fur colour, tail length, skull shape and size of carnassials. Archaeological evidence indicates that the Leopard Cat was the first cat species domesticated in Neolithic China about 5,000 years ago in Shaanxi and Henan Provinces.  

In Beijing, the subspecies of Leopard Cat is Pbbengalensis.  It is widespread in the outer parts of Beijing Municipality (outside the 6th ring road) but rarely seen due to its nocturnal habits.  The first photograph of a wild Leopard Cat in Beijing was as recent as 13 September 2010 when Brian Jones photographed one at Yeyahu Wetland Reserve.  

The first image of a wild Leopard Cat in Beijing, taken on 13 September 2010 at Yeyahu Wetland Reserve (Brian Jones)

Today, Professor Luo Shu-Jin from Peking University is leading a team to find out more about Leopard Cats in Beijing. 

About the Wild Leopard Cats in Beijing Project 

Urban wildlife, or free ranging animals that can live in urban or suburban environments, has intrigued ecologists and the general public for decades. Contrary to popular belief, some wildlife may possess a surprising resilience to survive a human-dominated landscape. With spotted fur and a body size slightly larger than a house cat, the leopard cat is a widespread but elusive felid in Asia. Around Beijing, one of the world’s largest cities with a human population of over 21 million, the status of this species in the wild remains poorly known.  Since 2018, a collaboration between Dr. Luo Shu-Jin’s research team at the School of Life Sciences at Peking University and the China Felid Conservation Alliance (CFCA) resulted in the “Wild Leopard Cats in Beijing” project. The team set up infrared cameras along a 16-kilometre trail in the Haituo mountain area 90 kilometres northwest of central Beijing and collected suspected leopard cat scats on a regular basis for molecular ecology and population genetic analyses. The project aims to examine the local wildlife diversity, to investigate the population status of leopard cats, and to explore the pattern of anthropogenic disturbance and the mode of possible human-wildlife coexistence in Greater Beijing. As of September 2021, the study has uncovered the previously underestimated species richness of wildlife hidden in the mountains of Beijing, providing hope for a delicate balance between wilderness and human settlements in and around metropolitan Beijing.

Team leader, Professor Luo Shu-Jin, at Haituoshan, Beijing.
The Wild Leopard Cats in Beijing Project team at Haituoshan in winter (with the Winter Olympics downhill ski slope in the background).
The Wild Leopard Cats in Beijing Project team at Haituoshan.
The Wild Leopard Cats in Beijing Project team setting an infrared camera on Haituoshan.

Further updates from the Wild Leopard Cats in Beijing project will appear here.

Latest News

November 2021

A further two female Leopard Cats have been caught and collared at the study site!  It will be exciting to see the movements of these females – the first time they have been tracked in Beijing.  The team is hoping to catch a male in the same area, which will provide an opportunity to compare the movements of the sexes.

November 2021

The team visited the study site on the day of the first snow of the winter in Beijing, and were delighted to find an Oriental Stork on site… 

The track of an Oriental Stork in the fresh snow at the study site in Beijing.

November 2021

Data from the female Leopard Cat show that she is a good swimmer!  There have been at least eight swimming records in the first seven days since her capture.  Can you spot the Leopard Cat in this image?


The collared female Leopard Cat swimming at the study site.

November 2021

Big news!  The team has trapped a Leopard Cat at a site in Beijing and fitted a collar that includes a transmitter.  All being well, this female will tell us a lot about the range and activity patterns of Leopard Cats in Beijing.  

23 July 2021

A short letter by Luo Shujin about Leopard Cat in Beijing is published in Science Magazine.  

June 2021

One of the most exciting co-discoveries of the Wild Leopard Cats in Beijing project has been the capture of an image of Mountain Weasel (Mustela altaica).  The Mountain Weasel is a small mustelid native to the mountains of East and Central Asia. In China it can be found on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and in some high-altitude regions of northern and southwestern China.

An adult mountain weasel was photographed by a camera trap in September 2019 in the Haituo mountain area of Beijing. The finding was published in Acta Theriologica Sinica (see link to the paper below, in Chinese).  The record follows two images of Mountain Weasel taken at Lingshan in Mentougou District and, together, they add a new species of mammal to Beijing’s avifauna and highlights the likely underestimated fauna diversity even on the outskirts of one of the world’s largest cities.

Han S, Lu D, Meng H, Leong CF, Liu Y, Song D, Li S, Luo SJ* (2021). A new record of mammal from the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan region of North China—Mustela altaica. Acta Theriologica Sinica 41(3): 361-364. [in Chinese]

Article link: http://www.mammal.cn/CN/10.16829/j.slxb.150487

Photo of Mountain Weasel (Mustela altaica), Haituo mountain, Beijing (PKU & CFCA, 2019)
Photo of Mountain Weasel from Donglingshan mountain, Mentougou District, Beijing (Wu Zhehao)
Photo of Mountain Weasel at Donglingshan, Mentougou District, 9 November 2015 (Terry Townshend)

Gallery of images of Leopard Cat from Beijing 

With thanks to Peking University and the Chinese Felid Conservation Alliance (CFCA) for permission to use these images.